On the early morning of the 4th of October 2008 hundred of families join spana team to celebrate the world animal day 2008 in a farm near Damascus, the oldest inhabitant capital in the world. Under the patronage of Dr. Riad Naasan Aga, minister of culture of Syria and with the presence of Mrs. Diaa Mandawi, ambassador of Venezuela in Syria, and famous drama artist Mrs. Suzan Najm Eldeen Dr. Darem Tabbaa, director of spana in Syria congratulate all participants in this occasion. An opera song of Carl Orf was presented from opera singer Fadi Atiah and pianist Natalia Kotsherova. All participants open then the drawing exhibition on animals and environment, the winner children of the exhibition from all over Syria and many other animal friends were then awarded. Children start making friendships with farm animals, camel, donkey, horse and foal, in addition to cow, calf, goat, turkey, cat, white mice and rabbits were joining the celebration.
The Kunga (Syrian royal equid extinct animal) was pronounced as Syrian animal of the year 2008. Kunga” is a suggested pronunciation of a Sumerian word that was written in cuneiform script, at least by 2600 BC. They are mentioned in ancient texts from Ebla (Tell Mardikh) and Nabada (Tell Beydar) in Syria, and also from sites in southern Mesopotamia. Their breeding was entirely under human control and the animals did not exist in the wild. In the 3rd millennium, one center of breeding was in the kingdom of Nagar whose capital was at Tell Brak, Syria. Kunga from Nagar were thought to be of superior quality and were frequently requested by the king of Ebla, the parents are Equus hemionus (wild onager) and Equus asinus (domestic donkey), the personal traits are strong, fast, long legged, attractive in appearance and sterile.
Kunga were very valuable animals and were exchanged between kings as an aristocratic animal, and remained the preferred royal steed until around 2100 BC when donkeys were bred with horses to create mules. After that time the stronger and faster mule was preferred for pulling chariots and carts and the kunga became obsolete. In the 2nd millennium BC, the kunga was no longer written about and its extensive breeding may have stopped. Certainly it was no longer an animal of royalty. Sporadic breeding occurred during Roman times, but little else is known of a deliberate breeding program of the animal. The animal could be bred anywhere that both donkeys and onagers both live, and might even be found today.
After pronouncing the Kunga children collect many puzzle pieces of a cow and general photo were taken to all under the cow puzzle. The theatre group of the directorate of children culture directed by Roni Zaza plays the piece of the owl and my chicken. During the long day activities different products of the cow (milk, cheese, yoghurt, mortadella, and cakes) were served.
The celebration was covered by 3 T.V. Syrian channels, Newspapers and the famous program of youth mirrors at the radio of Monte Carlo.
The minister of education circulate a letter to all schools of Syria to celebrate the World Animal Day